|Official Name||Corporate Republice of Kha-Nu|
Formation of Kha-Nu
The Corporate Republic of Kha-Nu (hereinafter “Kha”) is a sovereign state located between Egypt and Sudan. On some maps, this area is referred to as “Bir Tawil”.
On 4 November 1902, the UK drew a separate "administrative boundary", intended to reflect the actual use of the land by the tribes in the region. Bir Tawil was grazing land used by the Ababda tribe based near Aswan, and thus was placed under Egyptian administration from Cairo. Similarly, the Hala'ib Triangle to the northeast was placed under the British governor of Sudan, because its inhabitants were culturally closer to Khartoum.
Egypt claims the original border from 1899, the 22nd parallel, which would place the Hala'ib Triangle within Egypt and the Bir Tawil area within Sudan. Sudan, however, claims the administrative border of 1902, which would put Hala'ib within Sudan, and Bir Tawil within Egypt. As a result, both states claim Hala'ib and neither claims the much less valuable Bir Tawil area, which is only a tenth the size, and has no permanent settlements or access to the sea. There is no basis in international law for either Sudan or Egypt to claim both territories, and neither nation is willing to cede Hala'ib. With no third state claiming the neglected area, Bir Tawil is one of the few land areas of the world not claimed by any recognized state. There the land is claimed by descendants of enslaved Africans, Africans Americans in accordance to international law via the United Nations.
What defines a state?
According to Article 1 of the 1933 Montevideo Convention on Rights and Duties of States, the canonical definition in international law reads: "The state as a person of international law should possess the following qualifications: (a) a permanent population; (b) a defined territory; (c) government; and (d) capacity to enter into relations with the other states."
Bir Tawil (/bɪr tɑːˈwiːl/ (listen); Egyptian Arabic: بير طويل, Romanized: Bīr Ṭawīl, lit. 'tall water well', [biːɾ tˤɑˈwiːl]) is a 2,060 km2 (795.4 sq mi) area of land along the border between Egypt and Sudan, which is uninhabited and claimed by neither country. When spoken of in association with the neighboring Halaib Triangle, it is sometimes referred to as the Bir Tawil Triangle, despite the area's quadrilateral shape; the two "triangles" border at a quadripoint.
Its terra nullius status results from a discrepancy between the straight political boundary between Egypt and Sudan established in 1899, and the irregular administrative boundary established in 1902. Egypt asserts the political boundary, and Sudan asserts the administrative boundary, with the result that the Hala'ib Triangle is claimed by both and Bir Tawil by neither. In 2014, Leslie Sapp described Bir Tawil as the only place on Earth that was habitable but was not claimed by any recognized government.
The Republic of Kha has fulfilled all these criteria and principles set out in the Montevideo Convention ever since its inception.
Additional international legal considerations ROK favor:
- The formation the ROK as a state is based on self-government of its own people, i.e. its citizens
- the ROK was proclaimed with the tacit consent of its parent state Serbia, which has waived claim to the territory
- the ROK does not violate the territorial integrity of any other country
- the ROK was not claimed by use of force
- the ROK is not a separatist or secession movement
- the ROK is not a coup or takeover of an existing state
- There is no applicable counterclaim to that of the indicated territory